Killem Pest Profile Series: What You Need to Know About Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are some of the most difficult pests to remove once they have taken a hold in your home. Unlike other pests like mosquitoes or rodents, bed bugs do not actually spread disease. However, they are a very big nuisance because bits from bed bugs cause itching, which can lead to excessive scratching and thereby skin infection. Being bitten by beg bugs at night also causes a loss of sleep.

They can get into the linen on the beds, which is how they got their name. However, you should not be fooled into believing that they only infest beds. They can also get into the carpets, curtains, and even clothing.

The Biology of Bed Bugs

Bed bugs have a brownish color before they have fed. After feeding, on blood of animals and people, they turn a red color. The baby bed bugs are very difficult to see, as they do not have much color to them at all.

These six-legged creatures can reach up to a quarter of an inch long when they are adults. They will mature in about 21 days, and they can live for several months without feeding. Females of the species can lay one to five eggs each day, and this is how they can spread and infest an area so quickly.

Bed Bugs Close Up

How to Check for a Bed Bug Infestation

How do you know if you have a bed bug infestation? Some of the most common signs are:

  • Your children wake up and have skin that itches
  • You might also notice that there are small blood stains on your pillow cases and sheets from when the bed bugs have fed
  • You may see the shed skin and eggs from the bed bugs
  • You may even see the adults, even though they typically come out to feed on blood at night

Bed Bug Bites

What to Do When You Have a Bed Bug Infestation

Getting rid of bed bugs by yourself can result in many failed attempts. It is extremely difficult to do, and you would be much better served by having professionals in Singapore come in with the right equipment to take care of things.

There are several proven methods that can be used for treating an infestation and getting rid of the bed bugs.

Spray and Gas Treatment

A very popular and effective option is to use spray and gas treatment. This utilises dual spraying action, and it makes it possible to cover a large area in a short period. It can eliminate the bed bugs, as well as the eggs they have already laid.

Steaming

Another option is steaming. One of the benefits of this method is that the steaming can occur even if there are people and pets in the home at the time. This makes it a fast and efficient option, and it also happens to be environmentally friendly.

If you have signs of a bed bug infestation, do not wait to get the help you need. Get effective and professional bed bug control from Killem as we can take care of the problem right away.

Zika History Map

How the Zika Virus Spread Across the World

If you have been paying attention to the news recently, you have probably heard people talking about the Zika Virus. Last year in Singapore there was a Zika Cluster near Sims Avenue and now clusters have been found in Hougang with the number of people infected on the rise.

However, you might not know too much about this virus or the type of damage it can do. In this post, we will be taking a closer look at the virus to see just why so many people are worried about it.

History of the Zika Virus

What Is the Zika Virus?

The Zika Virus is an infectious disease that is spread through the bite of mosquitoes. Those who are bitten by the insects carrying this disease may develop a range of systems. This includes muscle and joint pain, rashes on the skin, red eyes, headaches, and fever. Most of the time, this will only last for about seven days. While this doesn’t sound too terrible, the real danger comes from infection while a woman is pregnant. It can cause microcephaly (abnormal smallness of the head, a result of incomplete brain development) and other types of brain malformations in babies. In some adults, it has also been connected with Guillain-Barre syndrome (muscle weakness).

Microcephaly

How Is It Carried?

The virus is typically carried in mosquitoes, specifically the aedes. You can recognize this mosquito through the markings. They have white markings on their legs and on the upper thorax is are markings that look similar to a lyre. This mosquito is one of the most common in Singapore, and it can spread other diseases such as dengue and yellow fever which are equally problematic and actually more prevalent then Zika.

Aedes Mosquito

When the aedes mosquitoes bite, they can infect the person with the virus. However, the virus can be carried and spread through humans who have been bitten, as well. This occurs in the bodily fluids, so it is important to be safe and cautious around family members or friends who have the Zika Virus until they are better.

How Can It Be Prevented? 

Unfortunately, there is currently no vaccine or cure for this virus, but there are ways to prevent the spread of the disease. Since the disease is carried by mosquitoes, you need to take steps to prevent bites from the insects. You do not want to have standing water in your home or your yard, as this can be a breeding ground for the insects. Contacting professional pest control companies to take care of mosquitoes on your property is always a good idea. After all, mosquitoes can carry diseases other than just the Zika Virus. If you control the mosquitoes outside of your home, you should not worry about them going inside.

Fogging Mosquito Treatment
Misting Mosquito Treatment
Outside Garden

How to Carry Out Safe Pest Control with Children and Pets in Your Home

Let’s be honest, no one wants to have pests in or near your home, especially when you have children or pets.

Infants and babies may be exposed to more pesticides than adults because they often spend more time closer to the ground, touching furniture bases or playing in the gardens where pesticides may have been applied. Infants and babies are also more likely to put fingers, toys and other objects that may have come into contact with pesticides into their mouths.

There are many different types of pests that can cause serious problems if they get out of hand, and you need to find ways that you can control those pests safely and efficiently, without compromising the health and safety of your children and pets.

You can do some basic things that will help to keep the pests out of your home, but there might come a time when you need to call in the professionals.

What Are the Most Common Types of Pests?

While there are many different types of pests that could be plaguing your home, some of the most common and intrusive include:

Ants

Cockroaches

Mosquitos

Rodents

Termites

Pests have the potential to destroy your home, get into your food and carry diseases. You should never have to live with pests. You should find ways to eradicate them.

What Are Safe Pesticides?

When it comes to choosing pesticides that you want, or you want your professional provider to use in and around your home, you need to be very careful. Many brands on the market are full of chemicals that could harm your children and your pets if it were ingested.

When you are choosing pesticides that you can use to deal better with the pests that you find, you should look for those that are organic and that do not have toxic chemicals in them.

One of the best things about working with Killem Pest for your pest control needs is that we use original, non-generic chemicals that are environmentally friendly and they have a low mammalian toxicity. This means that even if children or pets accidentally ingest the pesticide, they would not become ill.

In addition, you can do other things that will help to keep your children and pets safe. If you are putting out bait for rodents, for example, never leave it in an area where your children or pets could have access to it. They could put it in their mouth. Instead, put the bait into a locked bait station or in an area that cannot be opened or reached by children or pets so that only rodents can access it.

If the pest control company has come and sprayed, make sure that any of the residual spraying has dried before allowing children or pets into the area. Make sure your animals are not licking the plants or the walls where the chemicals were sprayed, too.

You should also always make sure your children wash their hands after they have been playing outdoors, and stress the importance of not touching any bait stations that you might have.

Pet Pest Control Safety
Child Pest Control Safety

How to Keep Pests Away

The following are some very simple and basic tips that can help you to control some of the pests in and around your home:

  • Keeping your food in airtight containers can help to control the influx of ants, as well as rodents and roaches.
  • If you have fruit that is left out on the counter, check it regularly to see if there are any bad spots on it, as this can draw fruit flies and other types of pests.
  • A natural type of pesticide that you can make at home is citrus oil. You can use equal parts orange peels and water, and simmer them. Remove the peels and put the water into a spray containers and then spray around the windows, doors, and other areas where pests might be getting into the property.

Call in the Professionals

Of course, when it comes to pest problems, sometimes, the DIY home pest control methods are simply not enough. You need to call in the professionals that can provide you with a thorough service and remove those pests for good no matter what type they might be.

Singapore Skyline Landscape

When will you most likely need pest control in Singapore?

Is Pest Control Seasonal in Singapore?

Have you discovered that you have a mosquito problem in the backyard? Perhaps you’ve seen rodents in the pantry or you have a nasty nest of wasps up under the leaves that you would like to have removed. Regardless of the pests that might be causing problems for you, or whether they are in your home or business, you want to have them removed as soon as possible.

What Is the Impact of Weather on Different Pests?

In some parts of the world, pest control tends to be seasonal, as there could be various types of insects or rodents that are more problematic during certain times of the year.

Being one and a half degrees north of the equator, Singapore’s climate is classified as a tropical rainforest one. Thus, Singapore does not have traditional seasons, although it does have a wet and a dry season. While pests of all types have the potential to be a problem all the time, you will find that certain pests tend to be more active based on whether it is the dry or wet season. Singapore’s warm climate and high humidity also make it an attractive environment for pests to breed more quickly.

Wet vs. Dry Season

During the wet season, for example, you may find that insects are more of a problem which could increase the chance of you requiring services such as ants, fly or mosquito control. They may want to escape from the downpours outside. Of course, during extremely dry times ants, rodents, and other pests might try to come inside trying to find water to drink. This means that pests of all types tend to be active in the Singapore area throughout the year, and you need to be vigilant if you hope to keep them under control.

Wet Season Umbrella

There are some things you can do to reduce the “attractiveness” of your property to different types of pests. Make sure that they do not have easy access to food or water, for example. They will not be as likely to want to make your home their new residence if they do not have the things they need to survive. Of course, this is not always easy, and you might find yourself inundated with pests whether it is the wet or dry season. In those cases, you need some help.

We have collected data on the pest control jobs we have carried out over the calendar year to provide you with a guide on when you are more likely to require certain types of pest control during the wet and dry seasons:

Pest Control Season
Dry SeasonWet Season
Ant RemovalMedium RequirementMedium Requirement
Fly ControlMedium RequirementMedium Requirement
Mosquito ControlMedium RequirementHigh Requirement
Rodent ControlHigh RequirementHigh Requirement

Getting Help for Pest Control in Singapore

No matter the time of the season, you need to make sure that you have control at your home or business. Whether they are rats, cockroaches, fleas, ticks, flies, or any other type of pest, it is vital that you have them removed quickly and efficiently. This means you should hire a professional service for pest control in Singapore. Have the professionals come to your property to kill and remove the pests, and to provide you with tips on how you can keep those pests from returning.

Research the company you are considering and make sure they have the experience and expertise to handle the type of pest problem you have currently so you can keep the property free from infestations of all sorts.

Killem Pest Profile Series: What you need to know about Termites

The Most Economically Destructive Pest

In our previous posts, we mentioned the different treatments that can be carried out to prevent termite infestations. Some of the more common methods include soil treatment, corrective soil treatment, rodding, baiting and dusting.

Common Questions About Termites

Are termites harmful?

Termites are the most economically destructive pests. In the US alone, it is estimated that termite infestations cause US$30 billion in damage to crops and manmade structures. In addition to the high economic costs involved with termite damage, the structural damage caused to buildings, ceilings and furniture is also a danger to humans. 

Will termites bite humans?

Following on from above, termites feed on cellulose and are not known to bite humans or even other insects (although ants are the natural enemy of termites). Nevertheless, if the termite colony has no other sources of food or if the colony is threatened, termites may on the rare occasion bite humans. The bite is like a pinch, but the pinches are not believed to result in any illnesses or disease in humans

Can termites eat through concrete?

Termites feed on cellulose, which is an organic compound in the cell walls of plants and that wood is made off. Termites do not eat concrete, however they are very resourceful and will squeeze through tiny cracks and thus opening up poor quality concrete for more termites to get through. Once termites are inside, they build tunnels which get wider over time and therefore it appears like they have eaten through the concrete.

What are the main types of termites?

There are 3 main types of termites that can be found in Singapore: subterranean termites, drywood termites and dampwood termites. It is important to note that treatment varies depending on the type of termite.   

Lifecycle of Termites

There are few physical differences between the workers and nymphs of the different species. As such, termite identification is based on the soldiers or alates as well as the damage that is left behind.

Dampwood soldiers can be as large as 20mm and have large mouthparts on the front.

Drywood soldiers have large mouthparts with teeth and are larger than those of subterranean colonies.

 Subterranean soldiers are creamy white in colour, but their head is often brown. They do not have wings and have large mouthparts.

Termite Species  

Drywood Termites – These termites do not like moisture and typically live in wood such as dead trees, structural timbers of hardwood floors. Unlike subterranean termites, they do not need contact with the soil as wood is sufficient.  

Dampwood Termites – These termites live in wood with high moisture content such as decaying wood and trees that can be found on the ground.

Subterranean Termites – These are the most common species of termites in Singapore and require three things: food (wood or cellulose material), a consistent source of moisture and a moderate to tropical environment. They can be found in structural timbers in buildings and in soil greenery outdoors. These termites will build their nests underground.

Below are examples of the kind of damage Subterranean Termites can cause:

Subterranean Termite Infestation Wall Pipe
Subterranean Termite Infestation Wall Pipe

Tenacious Termites

Termites are social insects and live in colonies. There are many ways that termites can enter a property. Some of these include coming in:

  • Through construction joints
  • Through wall joints and cracks
  • Through floor cracks and slab penetrations
  • Through plumbing and electricals

From our experience, we have even found termite trails at the 43rd story of a building!

For more information on how Killem can help eliminate your Termite problems please visit our termite control page.

 

Killem Pest Control Methods

What Pest Control Treatment Methods Can You Use To Eradicate Pests?

In our last post, we discussed a little bit on the different Pest Control treatments that Killem Pest has to offer. But what are the treatment methods used, to ensure that these pesky pests stay away from our personal spaces?

Treatment methods vary for different pests, for example, the ways used to eradicate mosquitoes are very different, when compared to those methods that help get rid of termites.  Years of experience have allowed us to fine tune and provide you with the most effective service!

Mosquito Treatment

Mosquito Treatment is separated into 2 areas. The first targets the larvae population, and the second targets adult mosquitoes. Treatment can be carried out via:

Larviciding

Larviciding is when there is an application of insecticide, which is specifically targeted at the larval stage of the mosquito.  A thorough inspection for any potential breeding ground will be conducted before we carry out the larviciding treatment, and this will help to control the population, thus preventing the larvae from reaching the adult stage.

Mosquito Larviciding

Thermal Fogging

Thermal Fogging is the application of insecticide through water droplets in a highly visible fog to target adult mosquitoes. It is preferable, to fog at a time when mosquitoes are most active in order to get the best results, as thermal fogging only kills adult mosquitoes which are there at that time.

Mosquito Fogging

Misting

Misting applies the insecticide, by covering a large surface area, using a highly efficient motor blower with strong pressure. This creates a barrier of protection, with a long residual and rapid knockdown effect. It is odourless and has low acute mammalian toxicity.

Mosquito Misting

If you need further information or would like to contact Killem to help you control Mosquito problems, please visit our Mosquito Control page

 

Termite Treatment 

Baiting

Termite baiting is a fuss free treatment, where baits are placed in strategic locations, to target the worker termites. These worker termites will then bring the bait back to their colony, where it will be shared with the rest of the colony.

Termite Baiting

Dusting

Dusting treatment is the application of powder to termite trails. These powder particles will be passed on to other termites and taken back to the nest.

Soil Treatment

Normal Soil Treatment is when chemicals are applied to pre-treat the soil for the protection of buildings against subterranean termites.

Rodding is when the external perimeter of the building blocks is treated with termiticide solution. An injector is inserted into the landscape soil near the unit structure wall.

Corrective soil treatment is when a number of holes are drilled into the perimeter of the building, right through the concrete slab, if the building perimeter is cemented or tiled. Termiticide will be injected through these holes, and then sealed up with waterproofed concrete.

To find out more or request our services, visit our Termites Treatment page

 

General Pest Treatment 

For rodents, there will be an inspection within the premises for infestation, before baiting stations or traps are installed.

For other pests such as cockroaches and flies, all potential breeding and harbourage areas will be sprayed with insecticidal chemicals to the internal and external locations that are likely to be infested.

We are confident that with our extensive experience in urban pest management, we will be able to deliver the best service for any type of pest concern.

A Killem pest Control Officer and his van

What Pest Control Services and Procedures are available from Killem?

With unwanted animals and bothersome insects interfering with daily activities and damaging our personal property, we find ourselves thinking of Pest Control. But, what is Pest Control exactly?

Effective Pest Control is a process of exterminating an extensive range of vectors and unwanted insects, through specific ways and methods, from spaces that we occupy on a daily basis. These spaces include our homes, offices, schools, shopping centres, and local dining areas. These pests are nuisances, and pose a significant health hazard to us and our loved ones.

In our warm and humid climate, Singapore provides a common breeding ground for pests such as Mosquitoes, Rodents, Common Ants, Cockroaches and Flies. These vectors are prevalent in our community, and find their way into our homes from places such as bin chutes, drains and local hawker centres.

Although, there are some home remedies and DIY solutions that might be able to get rid of these pests temporarily, a long term solution for your recurring vector problems, would be to engage a professional pest company.

Pest control is broadly split into three main areas: mosquito control, general pest control, soil treatment and anti-termite prevention.

Mosquito Control

Mosquitos are the most dangerous of pests as they are carriers of diseases such as dengue fever and the Zika virus. Some techniques used to eliminate mosquitoes include fogging, misting and spraying.

General Pest Control

This area of pest control includes control and prevention of flies, snakes, bed bugs, ants, cockroaches, bees, wasps. Appropriate treatments depend on the pests, for example spraying can be used to prevent and eliminate ants, cockroaches and bed bugs.

Soil Treatment and Anti-Termite Prevention

Termites are the most economically destructive pests as they can cause severe structural damage. Treatments include soil treatment, corrective treatment, rodding and anti-termite baiting.

You can find out more about termite prevention methods via our Termite Control Services page

At Killem Pest, we use the latest and most efficient technology to combat pest infestations, such as Larvasonic to eradicate mosquito breeding and electronic rodent traps to notify us when rodents are caught.  Our office staff are trained to answer any questions you might have and to advise you on the most effective treatment.

Killem Pest Control Officer Spraying

In addition to our advanced technology and the professionalism of our staff, Killem Pest has also partnered with trusted companies, to ensure that the chemicals we use in our pest treatment, have been approved to international standards and are not generic. These chemicals also contain low mammalian toxicity, and are also extremely environmentally friendly Visit our pest control equipment and technology page, for more insight.

Join us in our next post, as we explain more about the different treatment methods we use to eradicate pests from our daily lives!

When All Else Fails, Killem Prevails

The Killem Blog: Providing Pest Control Information & Insights for our Industry

Welcome to Killem’s blog!

Through our blog, we want to keep you informed of what is happening in the industry, useful tips and tricks to prevent pest infestations, what you should expect from your pest control provider, important health and safety points etc…

Before we start divulging the secrets of the industry, we would first like to introduce you to Killem Pest. We are one of the oldest and largest pest control companies in Singapore, with a headcount of nearly 150 people and a fleet of over 50 vehicles. Since starting operations in 1993, Killem has grown into a household name in Singapore, with our green vehicles easily recognised on the roads.

Pest control in Singapore is fortunate to have the full and committed support of various government departments and agencies. Our staff are licensed and certified with the National Environment Agency (NEA) pursuant to the Control of Vectors and Pesticides Act 1998. We take the health and safety of our customers and Pest Control Operators very seriously and ensure that the methods and chemicals we use comply with international standards. It is therefore important to use a pest control provider that adheres to these minimum requirements.

To ensure that we are kept abreast of what is happening in the industry, we are also members of the Singapore Pest Management Association (SPMA) and British Pest Control Association (BPCA).

Our accreditations also include  ISO 14001 : 2008 – Provision of Pest Control Services, ISO 9001 : 2008 – Pest Control & Soil Treatment and OHSAS 18001 – Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series. Killem Pest also has the honour of being the first pest control company to be awarded Level 5 (MW04 L5) under the Building and Construction Authority (BCA).

Despite our qualifications and accreditations, we let our track record speak for itself. Over the years, we have built a strong client base of government, commercial and residential clients. We have carried out services at schools, universities, restaurants and other food and beverage outlets, construction sites, condominiums, shopping centres, office buildings, factories, warehouses, apartments, landed residential homes etc…

For more information on how Killem Pest can meet for your pest control requirements, visit our page at http://killem.com.sg/our-expertise/why-killem

Stay tuned to our next post, which will be introducing the different areas of pest control!