The Ultimate Guide to Urban Farming

Plants with water drop

With the increasing rise in food prices, it is a smart idea to learn about urban farming. Urban farming is a great way to produce your own fresh food and food that can help others in your community. It is also a great way to teach kids responsibility and to teach them more about where their food comes from. It’s also nice to have affordable fresh home-grown vegetables to use in your recipes rather than overpriced store-bought vegetables.

What is urban farming?

Urban farming simply means cultivating and distributing food in a developed area such as in a city or suburban area. Families can potentially have their own vegetable gardens and fruit trees if they are able to set aside space and put in the time and effort that is needed. Urban farming can also include having chickens, pigs, or sheep, for example.

You may also see urban farming referred to as urban agriculture. Urban farmers typically do sell their products to the community such as at local farmers’ markets or to shops that are in their neighbourhoods. Urban farming includes small vegetable gardens or commercial farms in the city where produce is grown for one’s own use and to sell locally.

Urban farming vs traditional farming comparison

History of urban farming

Urban farming is not a new concept. In fact, urban agriculture dates as far back as 3,500 B.C. Evidence has also been found of urban farming in Persia and in Peru. Urban farming was common in European cities in the late 1800s. The idea in Europe was to help individuals in impoverished neighbourhoods to grow their own food and to purchase locally grown foods.

This is still a good idea today and everyone can benefit from growing and selling their own food close to where they live. It is predicted that urban gardening will increase in the future. Today, urban farming in Singapore is on the increase as a way to increase food security for the population.

How does urban farming help the environment?

Besides making fresh food available directly to people in the neighbourhood, there are other environmental benefits to urban farming. The farms create more green spaces and enhance biodiversity. This has been the case in Singapore.

Urban farming in Singapore can help the climate. A lack of vegetation in cities is associated with the heat island effect. This effect is when cities become extremely hot because the buildings and other man-made structures trap heat.

Food that has to be transported from far away is not as fresh and is more likely to be contaminated with bacteria than homegrown food. Food that doesn’t need to be transported long distances also cuts down on air pollution, which may help with climate issues. Locally produced food may also be cheaper to buy because transport costs are greatly diminished.

Urban farming benefits for the environment

Is urban farming sustainable?

Urban farming is sustainable and eco-friendly compared with traditional methods in the sense that transportation costs and pollution are both reduced. There is a large reduction in the use of fossil fuels involved in transporting produce from far away into cities.

In urban gardens, the food is produced close by and is readily available to neighbours. Proper farming methods that are either hydroponic or focus on maintaining soil fertility make for sustainable farms.

Wooden plant holder

Pest control and urban farming

Urban farming uses fewer pesticides, in general, when compared with large commercial farms. This is a benefit since it cuts down on expenses and doesn’t affect profits as much; pests do plague urban farms but there are some things that can help before you resort to pesticide use.

Having leaf litter and flowers nearby are recommended as a way to attract natural predators like spiders and parasitoid wasps.

Finding ways to control pests is important even for a small farm or vegetable garden but it is safest to contact a reputable company regarding what pesticides to use (if any). A benefit of high-tech indoor farming is that pesticides will not be needed because pests are usually not present.

What pests can be found in gardens and how to prevent them?

What is Singapore doing to promote urban farming?

Urban farming in Singapore is on the rise. The Singapore government is promoting urban farming and has an Agriculture Productivity Fund to help support innovative farming. It is important that public and private entities cooperate when it comes to urban agriculture.

The government of Singapore has developed a “30 by 30” initiative. With this initiative, the idea is for the country to produce 30% of the food they need by the year 2030.

The government also plans to use multi-story car park rooftops as food gardens. Besides government initiatives, individuals in Singapore have developed urban farming programs which have helped start farms on rooftops and in other areas in Singapore.

Fun Fact: Singapore urban farming initiative is aiming to produce 30% of the food they need by the year 2030.

Why is urban farming important in Singapore?

Urban farming is important in Singapore because the country depends heavily on imported foods (90% of the foods are imported). Singapore is a highly urbanized region making it tricky to farm using the traditional open fields usually associated with farming.

There are many challenges to urban farming in Singapore because it is a highly-urbanized area and finding space is difficult. Creative methods of land use where rooftops are used are a way this can be overcome, and schools can also be used to set up small vegetable gardens. 

Singapore street at night


Urban farming is a growing trend in countries such as Singapore where space to farm is limited. There are many factors to consider with urban farming in Singapore, such as space available, and the costs involved. The government of Singapore is eager to increase urban farming in the country to reduce dependence on imports. There are many different ways you can have a thriving urban farm — it just takes some creativity.

Bee Relocation

Bees nest on a metal fence

We love urban farming, but it is not the only sustainable initiative Killem Pest focuses on. Bee relocation is another big part of what we do. That’s right, relocate instead of exterminate. Bees play an essential role in the ecosystem of the planet, but sometimes they get too close to populated areas. That is when action needs to be taken.

Learn More

Frequently Asked Questions

The purpose of urban farming is to promote sustainable local food systems. Urban farming improves food access by providing communities with fresh, affordable, and quality products.

Yes, urban farming improves the local biodiversity and helps to reduce the pollution related to the transportation of produce.

With the reduced amount of transportation and the rise of indoor urban farms that are sealed off from outside pests, there is no need to add preservatives or pesticides.